ATI Comprehensive Predictor 2023 Exit Exam A

ATI Comprehensive Predictor 2023 Exit Exam A ( 176 Questions)

Question 1 :

A nurse is admitting an adolescent who has rubella.

Which of the following actions should the nurse take?

Correct Answer: B

This is because rubella is a highly contagious viral infection that can cause serious harm to the developing fetus if the pregnant person gets infected. Rubella can cause congenital rubella syndrome, which can result in hearing and vision loss, heart defects and other serious conditions in newborns.

Choice A is wrong because aspirin should not be given to children or adolescents with viral infections, as it can cause Reye’s syndrome, a rare but potentially fatal condition that affects the liver and brain.

Choice C is wrong because rubella does not require airborne precautions, which are used for diseases that can spread through very small droplets that can remain in the air for long periods of time, such as tuberculosis or measles. Rubella spreads through direct contact with saliva or mucus of an infected person, or through respiratory droplets from coughing or sneezing.

Therefore, standard and droplet precautions are sufficient to prevent transmission.

Choice D is wrong because Koplik spots are a characteristic sign of measles, not rubella.

Koplik spots are small white spots that appear on the inside of the cheeks before the measles rash develops. Rubella causes a pink or red rash that usually starts on the face and moves down the body.

Normal ranges for rubella antibody tests are:

  • IgM: Negative or less than 0.9 IU/mL
  • IgG: Negative or less than 10 IU/mL

A positive IgM result indicates a recent or current infection, while a positive IgG result indicates a past infection or immunity from vaccination.

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