**A couple dining at a restaurant receives a bill for $38.40. They wish to leave a 15% gratuity. Which of the following is the estimated gratuity?**

$4.00

$6.00

$5.00

$7.00

*Correct Answer : B*

When dealing with percent problems, the following is utilized to find the unknown variable.

- Is means equals
- Of means multiply
- What means unknown (variable)

From the problem above, we are looking for the amount of gratuity the couple can leave.

Let t be the amount of gratuity. Translating into an equation, we have

The gratuity is 15% of the total bill, which becomes

Here, of means multiply and we also convert percent into decimal before multiplying.

So, the value of t=5.76

Thus, a couple will leave a gratuity of $5.76, which is about $6.00.

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Related Questions

### Correct Answer is B

#### Explanation

We need to find how many mL are in 2.5 teaspoons. We need to use dimensional analysis to solve this problem as follows.

Converting between teaspoon and mL uses the following conversions:

Or

We want to end up with mL, we utilize the second conversion and set up the following equation.

Thus, 2.5 teaspoons can hold 12.325 mL.

### Correct Answer is D

#### Explanation

To form an equation from the word problem, first break the given statement into smaller statements.

First, we are given the width of the rectangle as x. We are told, the length is three times width. Mathematically, this means

Length=3*width=3*x=3x

Again, the length is 4 less than 3 times width of the rectangle. Thus, the length of rectangle in terms of width becomes:

Length =3x-4

This is the required equation.

### Correct Answer is B

#### Explanation

Since the distribution is symmetric, the mean, mode, and median will all be equal. The shape of the distribution will be **bell-shaped.**

### Correct Answer is D

#### Explanation

The length of the unknown side of the rectangle can be found by using the Pythagoras theorem. We label the triangle from the given data as shown below

Â Let the unknown length be x.

Applying the Pythagoras theorem, the value of x is found as:

The unknown length of the triangle is approximately 8.9 feet.

### Correct Answer is C

#### Explanation

we need to find the net income of the nurse in 4 weeks from the weekly net income.

Weekly net income=gross income-total tax

Total tax=federal income tax+state income tax+Social Security tax

Total tax=$(83.00+38.00+79.00)

Total tax=$200.00

Weekly net income=$(800.00-200.00)=$600.00

In one week, the net income of the nurse is $600.00 and in 4 weeks the nurse will a net income of:

The nurse will earn $2,400.00 in 4 weeks after taxes are deducted.

### Correct Answer is D

#### Explanation

In order to solve for the value of x, we use the order of operations as follows:

The first step is to divide both sides by 4

Since 5 is subtracted, we add 5 to both sides to eliminate it from the left-hand side of the equation

Thus, the value of x is 7.

### Correct Answer is D

#### Explanation

we use given information to find how much ammonia is need to make the specified solution.

We are told, one gallon of cleaning solution requires 6 oz of ammonia. In other words, we can express this as:

*1 gallon of solution**6 oz of ammonia*

Or

*6 oz of ammonia**1 gallon of solution*

Since we are needed to find how much ammonia is needed, we use the second option to find how much ammonia is required by 120 gallons of solution.

From the above equation, gallon of solution will cancel, and oz of ammonia is left.

Therefore, the solution will require 720 oz of ammonia.

### Correct Answer is B

#### Explanation

In this scenario, we use the given scale in the charts to find the number of each coin and selected the right number of coins the student collected. The second options shows that the child collected 50 pennies, 45 nickels, 25 dimes, and 5 quarters.

### Correct Answer is A

#### Explanation

from the given estimations, we can find the actual addition of the numbers and see a trend the student utilizes to find their estimates. The exact sum is as follows

24+190*=*214

151+319*=*470

974+1022*=*1996

From the above evaluation, we can clearly see the students approximates the value in the ones values. So, in the problem we need to approximate 452+5017.

452+5017=5469

We can approximate 5469 based on the provided choices to 5470.

### Correct Answer is A

#### Explanation

The initial step is to convert the decimal numbers into fractions.

4.4 becomes 44/10

4.25 becomes 425/100

Thus, the set of fractions is 9/2, 44/10, 10/3, 425/100. The least common denominator for 2, 10, 3, and 100 is 300, which we use to compare each options given.

9/2*300=1350

44/10*300=1320

10/3*300=1000

425/100*300=1275

From the above, 1350 is the greatest value which corresponds to 9/2. Thus, 9/2 is the greatest value of all the choices given.

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