**A couple dining at a restaurant receives a bill for $58.60. They wish to leave a 16% gratuity. Which of the following is the estimated gratuity?**

$8.48

$6.40

$9.38

$7.00

*Correct Answer : C*

In this problem, we need to find the amount of gratuity the couple will leave. The gratuity is 16% of the total bill. Before solving the problem, the following are terms and their meaning in percent problems:

- Is means equals
- Of means multiply
- What means unknown (variable)

If we let x be the amount of gratuity, then translating the given problem into a mathematical equation becomes:

So, the value of x=9.376 and to the nearest cent, x=9.38

There, a couple will leave a gratuity of $9.38.

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Related Questions

### Correct Answer is B

#### Explanation

Histograms are used to present frequency of data of one variable over the other. On the other hand, a bar graph is used to compare the two variables with the rectangles not touching one another as in histograms. Scatter plots are used to show the correlations between two variables. In this case, the teacher will be able to use scatter plot to establish the correlation between test scores and the subjects.

### Correct Answer is A

#### Explanation

: We need to find the total rainfall for the months of May, June, and July using the given graph.

In the month of May, rainfall is between 3 and 4, which is halfway. Therefore, rainfall in May is 3.5 inches

On June, rainfall was 3 inch and on July the rainfall was 2.5 inches. Thus,

Total rainfall=3.5 inches+3 inches+ 2.5 inches=9.0 inches

### Correct Answer is C

#### Explanation

We are needed to find the amount Jacob will be left with after spending and reinvesting the rest using the given information.

Amount Jacob spends=87% of $100=87/100*100=$87

Amount left to invest=$(100-87)=$13

Jacob is left with $13, which she invests and earns a profit of 75%.

Profit earned on invested amount=75% of $13=75/100*13=$9.75

So, Jacob will have $13+$9.75=$22.75

### Correct Answer is D

#### Explanation

Before we compare the values of the options, we convert the decimals to fractions.

5.4 becomes 54/10

6.25 becomes 625/100

Thus, the set of fractions is 11/2, 54/10, 13/3, 625/100. The least common denominator for 2, 10, 3, and 100 is 300, which we use to compare each options given.

11/2*300=1650

54/10*300=1620

13/3*300=1300

625/100*300=1875

From the above, 1875 is the greatest value which corresponds to 6.25. Therefore, 6.25 is the greatest value of all the choices given.

### Correct Answer is D

#### Explanation

to convert fraction to percent, multiply the fraction with 100%. Therefore, the percent equivalent of 3/4 is

*3/**4***100%=75%*

Thus, 3/4is equal to 75%.

### Correct Answer is A

#### Explanation

Correlation of two variables falls into:

Positive correlation: an increase in one variable causes another variable to increase

Negative correlation: an increase in one variable causes another one to decrease

No correlation: a change in one variable does not cause any response in another variable.

From the given choices

Option a is no correlation

Option b is a negative correlation

Option c is a negative correlation

Option d is a positive correlation

Thus, the correct statement is a.

### Correct Answer is D

#### Explanation

: we are needed to find the portion of burger the two other friends share between themselves. A whole burger is 1, and we know that,

One friend=1/4 of 1=1/4*1=1/4

Remaining amount=1-1/4=4/4-1/4=3/4

Thus, Â¾ of burger is left for two friends to share among themselves. Then, each friend will get

So, the other two friends will each get 3/8 of the burger.

### Correct Answer is B

#### Explanation

: a ratio can be thought of a fraction of the form a/b, where b is not equal to zero. In ratio form, to means per.

Now, the class has 26 girls and 22 boys. Thus, the ratio of girls to boys becomes:

*Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â *

The fraction above reduces into

*Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â *

Â

In ratio form, girls: boys=13:11

Thus, the ratio of girls to boys in a class of 48 students is 13 to 11.

### Correct Answer is D

#### Explanation

: the question requires we find the cost of four syringes.

If we let x be the cost of four syringes, then we set up a proportion equation with cost as numerator and number of syringes as denominator. The proportion equation becomes

Cross-multiply to solve for x

Rearranging the above

Divide both sides of the equation by 55

Thus, the cost of 4 syringes is $48.

### Correct Answer is A

#### Explanation

we are asked to find the largest value from the options given. To solve this problem, we need to convert all the given values into fraction. Then find the least common denominator for all fractions, which we will use to multiply each fraction and make a comparison.

43*Ã·*55=43/55

5/7

0.729=729/1000

73%=73/100

Now, we need to find the least common denominator of 55, 7, 1000, and 100, which is 77000. We multiply each fraction by 77000 as follows:

43/55*77000=60200

5/7*77000=55000

729/1000*77000=56133

73/100*77000=56210

Â

From the calculated values, it can be noted that 43/55 is the greatest value among the given options.

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