**A couple dining at a restaurant receives a bill for $58.60. They wish to leave a 16% gratuity. Which of the following is the estimated gratuity?**

$8.48

$6.40

$9.38

$7.00

*Correct Answer : C*

In this problem, we need to find the amount of gratuity the couple will leave. The gratuity is 16% of the total bill. Before solving the problem, the following are terms and their meaning in percent problems:

- Is means equals
- Of means multiply
- What means unknown (variable)

If we let x be the amount of gratuity, then translating the given problem into a mathematical equation becomes:

So, the value of x=9.376 and to the nearest cent, x=9.38

There, a couple will leave a gratuity of $9.38.

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Related Questions

### Correct Answer is C

#### Explanation

We are needed to find the amount Jacob will be left with after spending and reinvesting the rest using the given information.

Amount Jacob spends=87% of $100=87/100*100=$87

Amount left to invest=$(100-87)=$13

Jacob is left with $13, which she invests and earns a profit of 75%.

Profit earned on invested amount=75% of $13=75/100*13=$9.75

So, Jacob will have $13+$9.75=$22.75

### Correct Answer is D

#### Explanation

: the question requires we find the cost of four syringes.

If we let x be the cost of four syringes, then we set up a proportion equation with cost as numerator and number of syringes as denominator. The proportion equation becomes

Cross-multiply to solve for x

Rearranging the above

Divide both sides of the equation by 55

Thus, the cost of 4 syringes is $48.

### Correct Answer is A

#### Explanation

We convert the given word problem into a mathematical expression.

Let the number be x.

Thrice a number = 3x

Twelve less than thrice a number = 3x-12

Thus, the required mathematical expression is 3x-12

### Correct Answer is D

#### Explanation

Here we need to find the actual values of the additions and see the trend the student will use to estimate the given problem. The exact sum is as follows

35+192*=*227

258+350*=*608

947+1032*=*1979

From the above calculations, it is evident that the student rounds up or down the ones place values. So, in the problem we need to approximate 694+7618.

694+7618=8312

We can approximate 8312 based on the provided choices is 8310.

### Correct Answer is C

#### Explanation

The distribution of the weights of the newborn babies is symmetric meaning the mean, mode, and median are all equal. Thus, the bell-shape curve describes this kind of distribution of weights

### Correct Answer is A

#### Explanation

In this scenario, we use the given chart and scale provided to find the number of each coin and select the right number of coins the student collected.

It is clear that the first choice if the correct answer. The child collected 250 pennies, 200 nickels, 125 dimes, and 25 quarters.

### Correct Answer is D

#### Explanation

Looking at the give curve, we analyze each statement as:

- For statement 1: the points per game decreased five times between 1996 and 2015. So, the statement is false.
- For statement 2: the lowest points scored per game was in 1998-99 season and not in 2003-04 season. So, the statement is false.
- For statement 3: 2008-09 was the season the chargers scored the greatest number of points per game. So, this statement is false.
- For statement 4: the two season which no change in the points were 2012-13 and 2013-14. So this is true according to given curve.

### Correct Answer is A

#### Explanation

The length of the unknown side of the rectangle can be found by using the Pythagoras theorem. Letting the unknown side to be x, the labelled rectangle becomes: The unknown length of the triangle is about 16.7 feet.

The length of the unknown side of the rectangle can be found by using the Pythagoras theorem. Letting the unknown side to be x, the labelled rectangle becomes:

The unknown length of the triangle is about 16.7 feet.

### Correct Answer is D

#### Explanation

to convert fraction to percent, multiply the fraction with 100%. Therefore, the percent equivalent of 3/4 is

*3/**4***100%=75%*

Thus, 3/4is equal to 75%.

### Correct Answer is B

#### Explanation

Histograms are used to present frequency of data of one variable over the other. On the other hand, a bar graph is used to compare the two variables with the rectangles not touching one another as in histograms. Scatter plots are used to show the correlations between two variables. In this case, the teacher will be able to use scatter plot to establish the correlation between test scores and the subjects.

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