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ATI LPN Med Surg Cohort 6 Exam

Total Questions : 48

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Question 1:

A nurse teaches a patient who is at risk for mild hypernatremia. Which statement does the nurse include in this patient's teaching?

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Question 2:

A nurse is caring for a client with an electrical burn. The client states that since the wound on the skin is small, the burn must not be too bad. Which of the following is the best response by the nurse?

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Question 3:

A nurse is caring for a client that is immobile. The nurse recognizes that the appearance of non-blanchable erythema on the heels most likely indicates which of the following stages of pressure injuries?

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Question 4:

A nurse is caring for a client who has sustained a gasoline burn to 25% of the body. Which of the following is a priority safety concern when caring for this client?

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Question 5:

A nurse is caring for a client with a pressure injury. Which of the following should the nurse recognize as a priority in the plan of care?

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Question 6:

The nurse takes a client's temperature before giving a blood transfusion. The temperature is 100 F orally. The nurse reports the finding to the registered nurse (RN) and anticipates that which action will take place?

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Question 7:

A frail, older adult home health patient who had chickenpox as a child has been exposed to varicella (chickenpox) several days ago. What should the nurse do?

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Question 8:

A patient is prescribed oral acyclovir for type 1 herpes simplex virus. What is the expected outcome if the patient is compliant with the medication regimen?

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Question 9:

A nurse is caring for a client during the fluid resuscitation phase of burn management. Which of the following is the best method for assessing the results of the fluid resuscitation?

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Question 10:

A nurse recently hired to the preoperative area learns that certain patients are at higher risk for venous thromboembolism (VTE). Which patients are considered to be at high risk? (Select all that apply.)

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Question 11:

A nurse is giving a preoperative patient a dose of famotidine ( Pepcid). The patient asks why the nurse is giving this drug when the patient has no history of ulcers. What response by the nurse is best?

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Question 12:

A nurse is caring for a client with a new skin inflammation on the chest. Which of the following is an important assessment question to ask the client?

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Question 13:

A nurse is providing education to a community group about burn prevention. Which of the following is an example of a first-degree burn?

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Question 14:

The nurse is caring for a client with a chronic wound. Which of the following are wound treatments that may assist with the healing process?

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Question 15:

Melanocytes give rise to the pigment melanin, which is responsible for skin color. Where can the melanocytes be found?

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Question 16:

A nurse is caring for a client during fluid resuscitation for burns. Which of the following are used to evaluate the success of fluid resuscitation? (Select all that apply.)

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Question 17:

A nurse is caring for a client with a chronic wound. Which of the following is a systemic cause of chronic wounds?

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Question 18:

A nurse assesses a patient who is prescribed a medication that inhibits aldosterone secretion and release. For which potential complications will the nurse assess? (Select all that apply.)

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Question 19:

A nurse is caring fora client who is 1 day postoperative following an open thoracotomy. The client is receiving oxygen mist at 40% by face tent. The client's SPO2 is 89-96%. ABG results are: pH 7.31, PaO2 93 mm Hg, PCO2 5O mm Hg, HCO3 25 mEq/L. Which of the following is an appropriate action by the nurse?

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Question 20:

A nurse is caring for a client who has burns to approximately 50'l6 of their body. Which of the following physiological changes related to the burns should the nurse anticipate? (Select all that apply.)

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Question 21:

A nurse is assisting in identifying clients on the medical surgical floor with skin problems. Which of the following are most likely to become chronic wounds?

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Question 22:

What would be considered early signs/symptoms of pressure injury (Stage 1)?

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Question 23:

A nurse is caring for several clients. Which of the following clients is most prone to skin infections?

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Question 24:

A nurse cares for a patient who has a serum potassium of 7.5 mEq/L and is exhibiting cardiovascular changes. Which should the nurse implement first?

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Question 25:

A nurse is caring for a patient who has the following arterial blood values: pH 7.12, PaO 56 mm Hg, PaCO 65 mm Hg, and HCO - 22 mEq/L (22 mmol/L). Which clinical situation does the nurse correlate with these values?

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