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Health Promotion and Maintenance
Immunization Schedules and Vaccine-Preventable Diseases
Which of the following vaccines is recommended for all infants as part of the routine childhood immunization schedule?
A. MMR vaccine is given around the age of 1 and again around 4 years as part of the routine childhood immunization schedule, not for infants.
B. Influenza vaccine is recommended annually for children older than 6 months, but it's not part of the routine childhood immunization schedule for infants.
C. Hepatitis A vaccine is given in two doses at least six months apart, starting at age 1. It is not part of the routine infant immunization schedule.
D. DTaP vaccine (Diphtheria, Tetanus, Pertussis) is part of the routine childhood immunization schedule and is given to infants at 2, 4, and 6 months of age.
A. Polio vaccine is part of the routine childhood immunization schedule and is given to infants and children, not specifically for adolescents.
B. HPV (Human Papillomavirus) vaccine is recommended for adolescents to prevent certain types of cancer, including cervical cancer and some types of throat and mouth cancers.
C. Hib (Haemophilus influenzae type b) vaccine is part of the routine childhood immunization schedule and is given to infants and children.
D. Hepatitis B vaccine is given to infants at birth and throughout childhood. It is not specifically given to adolescents to prevent cancer.
A. Chickenpox (Varicella) can cause discomfort and skin rash but is not typically associated with severe complications like pneumonia and encephalitis.
B. Measles can lead to severe complications such as pneumonia and encephalitis, especially in unvaccinated individuals.
C. Tetanus can cause muscle stiffness and spasms but is not directly associated with complications like pneumonia and encephalitis.
D. Hepatitis B primarily affects the liver and does not commonly cause pneumonia or encephalitis.
A. 2 months is the age at which the first doses of vaccines like DTaP, Hib, and polio are given, not MMR.
B. 6 months is the age at which additional doses of vaccines like DTaP and influenza might be given, but not the first dose of MMR.
C. The first dose of the MMR (Measles, Mumps, Rubella) vaccine is recommended at 12 months of age.
D. 18 months is typically a time for booster doses of certain vaccines, not the first dose of MMR.
A. MMR vaccine protects against measles, mumps, and rubella, not bacterial meningitis.
B. DTaP vaccine protects against diphtheria, tetanus, and pertussis, not bacterial meningitis.
C. Hib vaccine (Haemophilus influenzae type b) is given to protect against bacterial meningitis, pneumonia, and other severe infections caused by Haemophilus influenzae type b bacteria.
D. Hepatitis A vaccine protects against hepatitis A virus, not bacterial meningitis.
A. Influenza vaccine protects against the flu, not hepatitis A.
B. Hepatitis B vaccine protects against hepatitis B virus, not hepatitis A.
C. MMR vaccine protects against measles, mumps, and rubella, not hepatitis A.
D. Hepatitis A vaccine is recommended for travelers visiting regions where hepatitis A is common to prevent infection with the hepatitis A virus.
A. Influenza vaccine protects against the flu, which can cause respiratory infections, but it is not specific to infants and young children.
B. Hepatitis B vaccine protects against hepatitis B virus
, not respiratory infections.
C. Hib vaccine (Haemophilus influenzae type b) is given to protect against severe respiratory infections caused by Haemophilus influenzae type b bacteria, especially in infants and young children.
D. Polio vaccine protects against polio, a disease that affects the nervous system, not specific to respiratory infections.
A. MMR vaccine protects against measles, mumps, and rubella, but none of these diseases cause paralysis.
B. Varicella (Chickenpox) vaccine protects against chickenpox, which is not known for causing paralysis.
C. Hepatitis B vaccine protects against hepatitis B virus, which primarily affects the liver and does not cause paralysis.
D. Polio vaccine prevents polio, a highly contagious disease caused by poliovirus. Polio can cause paralysis, making the vaccine crucial in preventing this complication.
A. Hepatitis A vaccine is given to protect against hepatitis A virus, which can cause severe liver damage and is transmitted through contaminated food and water.
B. Rotavirus vaccine protects against rotavirus infection, which causes severe diarrhea and dehydration, not liver damage.
C. MMR vaccine protects against measles, mumps, and rubella, not liver damage.
D. DTaP vaccine protects against diphtheria, tetanus, and pertussis, not liver damage.
Which vaccine is recommended for adults aged 65 and older to prevent complications such as pneumonia and bloodstream infections?
A. Influenza vaccine is recommended annually for all adults, especially those at higher risk, but it does not specifically prevent pneumonia and bloodstream infections caused by bacteria.
B. Pneumococcal vaccine is recommended for adults aged 65 and older to prevent complications such as pneumonia and bloodstream infections caused by Streptococcus pneumoniae bacteria.
C. Hepatitis B vaccine is not specifically recommended for all adults aged 65 and older.
D. MMR vaccine is given to children and individuals who have not been previously vaccinated, not specifically for adults aged 65 and older.
Nutrition and Feeding Issues in Pediatrics
A. Implementing a restrictive diet can further impair the child's growth and development. Encouraging nutrient-dense foods is a more appropriate approach.
B. Encouraging the child to eat high-calorie, nutrient-dense foods can help improve calorie intake and support growth in children with failure to thrive.
C. Limiting fluid intake can lead to dehydration and is not a recommended approach for managing failure to thrive.
D. Introducing a strict exercise regimen is not suitable for young children with failure to thrive. Nutritional interventions are a primary focus.
A. Cow's milk is not recommended as a primary drink for infants under 1 year old due to its low iron content.
B. Honey is not recommended for infants under 1 year old due to the risk of botulism.
C. Rice cereal is a common first food for infants as it is easily digestible and less allergenic. It can be mixed with breast milk or formula.
D. Whole grapes pose a choking hazard for infants and should be avoided until the child is older and able to chew more effectively.
A. Forcing a child to eat vegetables can create negative associations with food and lead to further resistance. It is not an appropriate approach.
B. Allowing the child to skip vegetables may perpetuate picky eating habits. Encouraging vegetable consumption is important for a balanced diet.
C. Hiding vegetables in other foods may not address the underlying issue of the child's aversion to vegetables and may not lead to long-term acceptance.
D. Offering a variety of vegetables in different forms and textures can expose the child to different tastes and increase the likelihood of finding vegetables they enjoy.
A. Whole grains, excluding gluten-containing grains like wheat, barley, and rye, are suitable for individuals with celiac disease.
B. Dairy products do not contain gluten and are generally safe for individuals with celiac disease unless they are lactose intolerant.
C. Gluten-containing grains like wheat, barley, and rye should be strictly avoided by individuals with celiac disease to prevent adverse reactions.
D. Fruits and vegetables do not contain gluten and are safe for individuals with celiac disease.
A. White bread is not a significant source of protein.
B. Rice is a carbohydrate and not a high-protein food source.
C. Lentils are a good plant-based source of protein and can be included in a vegetarian diet to ensure an adequate protein intake.
D. Potato chips are a snack food and do not provide substantial protein.
A. Starting with pureed fruits and vegetables is appropriate for most infants when introducing solid foods, typically around 4-6 months of age.
B. Cow's milk is not recommended as a primary drink for infants under 1 year old due to its low iron content.
C. Meat can be introduced as a source of iron-rich food, but it is not typically the first solid food introduced.
D. Waiting until 12 months to introduce any solid foods is not in line with current recommendations. Introducing solids around 4-6 months while continuing breast milk or formula is appropriate.
A. Milk contains lactose and is not suitable for individuals with lactose intolerance.
B. Cheese contains lactose, although the levels can vary. Some individuals with lactose intolerance can tolerate small amounts of cheese.
C. Yogurt contains lactose, but certain yogurts with live cultures might be tolerated by individuals with lactose intolerance.
D. Fortified orange juice can provide a source of calcium and vitamin D without lactose and is suitable for individuals with lactose intolerance.
A. Milk is a poor source of iron and can interfere with iron absorption if consumed in excess.
B. Orange juice is not a significant source of iron.
C. Leafy green vegetables like spinach and kale are good sources of iron and can be included in the toddler's diet to improve iron levels.
D. Caffeinated beverages should be avoided in toddlers due to their negative impact on hydration and overall health.
A. Eggs are not nuts and are generally safe for individuals with a nut allergy, unless the child has a specific allergy to eggs.
B. Almonds are nuts and should be avoided by individuals with a nut allergy.
C. Whole grains are not nuts and are safe for individuals with a nut allergy.
D. Yogurt is not a nut and is safe for individuals with a nut allergy, unless it is specifically flavored or contains nuts as an ingredient.
A. Carrots are not a significant source of vitamin D.
B. Salmon is a fatty fish and a good source of vitamin D.
C. Apples are not a significant source of vitamin D.
D. Rice is not a significant source of vitamin D.
Oral Health in Pediatrics
A. Cleaning the baby's gums is important even before teeth erupt to remove bacteria and establish good oral hygiene habits.
B. Cleaning the baby's gums with a soft, damp cloth after each feeding helps remove plaque and bacteria, promoting good oral health.
C. Fluoride toothpaste should not be used until the child is old enough to spit out the toothpaste, typically around age 2-3.
D. Introducing sugary snacks can contribute to tooth decay and is not a recommended practice for infant oral health.
A. Milk, especially when consumed in moderation and with good oral hygiene, is not typically a significant contributor to tooth decay.
B. Water does not contain sugars and is not a cause of tooth decay.
C. Fruit juice often contains natural sugars that can contribute to tooth decay, especially if consumed frequently or in large quantities.
D. Herbal tea without added sugars is a low-risk beverage for tooth decay.
A parent asks about teething remedies for their infant. Which recommendation by the nurse is appropriate for teething discomfort?
A. Rubbing whiskey on the baby's gums is unsafe and not recommended due to the risks associated with alcohol consumption in infants.
B. Providing a chilled teething ring or clean, damp cloth for the baby to chew on can help soothe teething discomfort by providing gentle pressure on the gums.
C. Offering hard candies to suck on is not appropriate for infants and can pose a choking hazard.
D. Applying aspirin directly to the baby's gums is not recommended due to the risk of Reye's syndrome in children.
A. Slightly crooked teeth with no signs of gum disease may not require immediate dental intervention.
B. Permanent teeth erupting behind baby teeth without signs of looseness may indicate normal shedding of baby teeth.
C. A slight overbite without difficulty in biting or chewing may not be a cause for concern.
D. Severe tooth decay and cavities in multiple teeth require immediate evaluation and treatment by a dentist to prevent further complications.
A. Starting at 6 months, the child can use fluoride toothpaste, but only a smear or rice-sized amount is recommended until the child is older.
B. Starting at 6 months, the child can use fluoride toothpaste, but only a smear or rice-sized amount is recommended until the child is older.
C. Starting at 2 years, a pea-sized amount of fluoride toothpaste can be used for effective oral hygiene.
D. Starting at 2 years, a pea-sized amount of fluoride toothpaste can be used for effective oral hygiene.
A. Filling the baby's bottle with sugary drinks before bedtime can contribute to tooth decay. Water is a better option if a bottle is needed at bedtime.
B. Allowing the baby to fall asleep with a bottle filled with formula or milk can cause baby bottle tooth decay due to prolonged exposure to sugars.
C. Cleaning the baby's teeth with a fluoride toothpaste after each feeding is recommended, but allowing the baby to fall asleep with a bottle should be avoided.
D. Offering a pacifier dipped in honey is not safe due to the risk of botulism. Honey should not be given to infants under 1 year old.
A. Using a pea-sized amount of fluoride toothpaste is appropriate for toddlers to prevent excessive ingestion of fluoride.
B. Teaching the child to spit out the toothpaste after brushing helps minimize fluoride intake and is a good practice.
C. Letting the child sleep with a bottle of juice can lead to baby bottle tooth decay and should be avoided.
D. Supervising the child while they brush their teeth until they are about 6 years old ensures proper brushing technique and effective oral hygiene.
A. Encouraging the child to continue thumb-sucking is not advised, as prolonged thumb-sucking can lead to dental problems.
B. Offering rewards and incentives can be helpful, but it is essential to address the underlying cause and provide positive reinforcement.
C. Ignoring the behavior might not be effective in all cases, especially if the child continues thumb-sucking beyond an age where it could impact dental development.
D. Applying a bitter-tasting solution on the child's thumb can deter thumb-sucking by making the habit less pleasurable, which may encourage the child to stop the behavior.
A. Teether filled with sugary syrup is not appropriate, as it can promote tooth decay and should be avoided.
B. Rubber or silicone teethers that can be chilled provide a soothing sensation and gentle pressure on the gums, helping to alleviate teething discomfort.
C. Small, hard candies attached to a string are not suitable for infants and can pose a choking hazard.
D. Teethers made of soft, plush fabric are not effective for teething discomfort, as they do not provide the necessary pressure on the gums.
A. Regular dental check-ups allow for early detection and prevention of dental problems, helping to address issues before they become more serious.
B. Teaching children proper brushing techniques is important, but it is a part of daily oral hygiene practices and not the primary benefit of regular dental check-ups.
C. Providing fluoride treatments at each visit can be beneficial, but it is not the sole purpose of regular dental check-ups.
D. Administering dental sealants is a preventive measure to prevent cavities, but it is not typically done at every dental check-up and may not be necessary for every child.
Injury Prevention and safety
A. Storing cleaning products in easily accessible cabinets increases the risk of accidental poisoning. These products should be stored out of reach of children.
B. Keeping medications in their original containers with child-resistant caps is essential to prevent accidental ingestion by children. Child-resistant caps are designed to be challenging for young children to open.
C. Storing poisonous substances in unlabeled containers is dangerous, as it increases the risk of accidental ingestion or misuse. All substances should be clearly labeled.
D. Mixing cleaning products to save storage space is not advisable, as it can create hazardous chemical reactions and increase the risk of poisoning.
A. Sandals do not provide adequate protection for the feet while cycling. Closed-toe shoes are recommended.
B. Long pants do not provide specific protection for cycling. However, wearing appropriate clothing, such as long pants, can help prevent scrapes and abrasions in case of a fall.
C. Wearing a helmet is essential for bicycle safety. Helmets protect the head in case of falls and reduce the risk of head injuries.
D. Sunglasses are not essential for cycling safety, although they can protect the eyes from glare and debris.
A. Placing the baby on their side to sleep is not safe. The recommended sleep position for infants is on their back to reduce the risk of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS).
B. Using soft bedding, such as pillows and quilts, in the crib increases the risk of suffocation. Infants should sleep on a firm mattress with no soft bedding.
C. Avoiding the use of bumper pads in the crib is important to prevent the risk of suffocation, entrapment, and strangulation. Bumper pads can pose a hazard to infants.
D. Elevating one end of the crib for better airflow is not necessary and can create an unsafe sleeping environment for the baby.
A. Allowing hot beverages to cool on the edge of the table increases the risk of spills and burns. Hot beverages should be kept out of reach of children.
B. Serving hot beverages in a cup with a lid and straw can reduce the risk of spills, but parents should still keep the beverages out of reach.
C. Keeping hot beverages out of reach and away from table edges is essential to prevent accidental spills and burns in toddlers.
D. Encouraging toddlers to blow on hot beverages is not a sufficient safety measure. It is best to keep hot beverages out of reach to prevent burns.
A. Encouraging the child to play close to the swings and slides is not specific advice for playground safety. Parents should ensure overall playground safety instead.
B. Advising the child to wear loose clothing for unrestricted movement is not directly related to playground safety. However, clothing with drawstrings or hanging accessories should be avoided to prevent entanglement.
C. Choosing playgrounds with shock-absorbing surfaces, such as rubber or mulch, can reduce the impact of falls and minimize the risk of injuries.
D. Discouraging the child from using handrails and guardrails for support is not appropriate advice. Children can use handrails and guardrails for support as long as they are sturdy and safe.
A. Soft fruits like bananas, when appropriately prepared and cut into small, manageable pieces, are generally safe for infants.
B. Cooked vegetables like carrots, when appropriately cooked and cut into small, manageable pieces, are generally safe for infants.
C. Hard candies like lollipops are a common choking hazard for infants and young children due to their round shape and hard texture.
D. Yogurt, when served in an appropriate consistency for the infant's age, is not a common choking hazard.
A. Using a forward-facing car seat for infants under one year old is not safe. Infants should be placed in rear-facing car seats until they outgrow the seat's height and weight limits.
B. Placing the car seat in the front passenger seat is not safe, especially if the car is equipped with airbags. The back seat is the safest location for a car seat.
C. Securing the toddler in a rear-facing car seat until they reach the height and weight limit specified by the seat's manufacturer is the recommended practice for optimal safety.
D. Allowing the toddler to sit on an adult's lap is not safe during car rides. Children should be secured in appropriate car seats or boosters
based on their age, height, and weight.
A. Keeping the bathwater temperature at 120°F (48.9°C) is too hot and can cause burns in infants. The recommended safe bathwater temperature is around 100°F (37.8°C).
B. Testing the water with the parent's hand before placing the infant in the bath is a good practice to ensure that the water is at a safe and comfortable temperature.
C. Using hot water from the tap directly without mixing cold water is not safe, as it can result in water that is too hot for the infant's sensitive skin.
D. Bathing the infant in lukewarm water is a good practice, but it is essential to ensure the water is not too hot or too cold.
A. Securing heavy furniture to the wall is essential to prevent tip-overs, even if it limits rearrangement options. Safety should always be a priority.
B. Using furniture with stable bases and wide legs can prevent tip-overs and enhance stability, reducing the risk of falls in toddlers.
C. Placing heavy items on higher shelves is not a safe practice, as toddlers might climb to reach them, increasing the risk of falls. Heavy items should be placed on lower shelves or secured to prevent tipping.
D. Using safety straps or anchors to secure furniture is essential to prevent tip-overs. Securing furniture enhances safety and reduces the risk of accidents.
A. Using concrete or asphalt as the surface for outdoor play areas is not safe, as it increases the risk of injuries in case of falls. Shock-absorbing surfaces like rubber or mulch are safer options.
B. Installing protective barriers around play areas is essential to prevent toddlers from wandering off or accessing potentially hazardous areas. Barriers promote safety and limit exploration to safe spaces.
C. Play equipment with openings that are wide enough for a toddler's head to fit through poses a strangulation hazard. Play equipment should have appropriate spacing to prevent entrapment.
D. Selecting a shock-absorbing surface, such as rubber or mulch, for outdoor play areas is essential. These surfaces cushion falls and reduce the risk of injuries, making outdoor play areas safer for toddlers.
More questions on this topic
A. Whole grapes pose a choking hazard for toddlers. Grapes should be cut into small pieces before serving.
B. Hard candies are a choking hazard and are not suitable snacks for toddlers.
C. Raw nuts can be a choking hazard for toddlers. Nuts should be finely chopped or ground if given to toddlers.
D. Sliced apples, cut into appropriate bite-sized pieces, are a healthy and safe snack option for toddlers.
A. Using a small pea-sized amount of fluoride toothpaste is recommended for preschoolers to prevent excessive ingestion of fluoride.
B. Encouraging the child to swallow the toothpaste after brushing is not safe. Children should be taught to spit out the toothpaste to minimize fluoride intake.
C. Fluoride toothpaste should be introduced when the child is able to spit out the toothpaste, typically around the age of three. It is not recommended for infants or toddlers who may swallow it.
D. Supervising toothbrushing and ensuring the child spits out the toothpaste is the appropriate advice for promoting good oral hygiene in preschoolers.
A. Placing the baby to sleep on their stomach is not safe and increases the risk of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS). Babies should be placed on their back to sleep.
B. Using soft bedding, such as quilts and bumper pads, in the crib increases the risk of suffocation. Infants should sleep on a firm mattress with no soft bedding.
C. Keeping the baby's sleep area close to the parent's bed for the first six months promotes safe sleep practices and allows for easy monitoring and feeding during the night.
D. Allowing the baby to sleep in the car seat is not a recommended practice for prolonged sleep. Car seats are for travel and should not be used as a substitute for a safe sleep environment.
A. Removing old paint chips and repainting the walls with lead-based paint can increase lead exposure. Lead-based paint should be safely removed by professionals following guidelines to prevent contamination.
B. Allowing the toddler to play in areas where renovations involving lead-based paint are ongoing is dangerous. Lead exposure can occur through contact with lead dust and particles during renovations.
C. Providing a diet rich in iron and calcium can help minimize lead absorption, but it does not replace the need for preventive measures to reduce exposure to lead.
D. Regularly cleaning the toddler's toys and hands reduces contact with lead dust, a common source of lead exposure. Handwashing and maintaining a clean environment are essential for lead prevention.
A. Using a forward-facing car seat for infants under two years old is not recommended. Infants should use rear-facing car seats until they outgrow the seat's height and weight limits.
B. Placing the car seat in the front passenger seat if an air
bag is present is not safe for infants. The back seat is the safest place for a child safety seat.
C. Transitioning to a booster seat is the next step after using a forward-facing car seat, not a rear-facing one. Booster seats are for older children who have outgrown forward-facing seats.
D. Using a rear-facing car seat until the baby outgrows the seat's height and weight limits is the safest practice. Rear-facing seats provide better protection for the head, neck, and spine of infants and toddlers in a crash.
A. Limiting screen time is a good practice to promote physical activity. Sedentary activities, such as excessive screen time, should be limited.
B. Encouraging at least 60 minutes of moderate to vigorous physical activity daily promotes cardiovascular health, muscle strength, and overall well-being in school-age children.
C. Participating in team sports can provide numerous physical, social, and psychological benefits for children. Proper training and supervision can help prevent injuries.
D. Promoting prolonged sitting for academic achievement is not a healthy practice. Balancing physical activity and sedentary time is important for a child's overall health and development.
A. Encouraging toddlers to ride bicycles without helmets is unsafe. Helmets provide protection in case of falls and accidents and should be worn at all times while riding bikes.
B. Allowing toddlers to ride bicycles in high-traffic areas is dangerous. Toddlers should ride bicycles in safe, designated areas away from traffic.
C. Ensuring toddlers wear properly fitted helmets while riding bicycles is essential for head protection. Helmets should meet safety standards and fit snugly on the child's head.
D. Choosing bicycles that are one or two sizes larger can be unsafe, as it may be difficult for the child to control the bike. Properly sized bicycles are essential for safe riding.
A. Avoiding stretching exercises can increase the risk of muscle strain and injuries. Stretching is important for flexibility and injury prevention.
B. Performing stretching exercises after physical activity helps enhance flexibility and relax muscles. It is a recommended practice for injury prevention.
C. Stretching muscles quickly without holding the stretch position is not effective. Slow, controlled stretches held for about 15-30 seconds are recommended for optimal benefits.
D. Stretching muscles before physical activity without warming up can lead to injuries. Warm-up exercises increase blood flow to the muscles and prepare the body for stretching and physical activity.
A. Allowing the child to fall asleep with a bottle containing milk or juice can lead to dental caries (tooth decay) due to prolonged exposure of the teeth to sugary liquids.
B. Filling the bottle with sugary drinks increases the risk of dental caries. Sugary drinks should be limited, and water is the healthiest choice for hydration.
C. Gradually transitioning the child to a cup around their first birthday is a good practice. It helps prevent prolonged bottle use, reducing the risk of dental problems.
D. Offering a bottle filled with water only during bedtime or naps is a safe practice. Water does not pose a risk of dental caries, and it keeps the child hydrated without harming their teeth.
A. Encouraging the child to consume large portions can lead to overeating and contribute to obesity. Portion control is important for a balanced diet.
B. Using larger plates to make portions appear smaller can lead to overeating. Using appropriately sized plates helps promote awareness of portion sizes.
C. Offering appropriate portion sizes and avoiding using food as a reward promotes healthy eating habits and prevents overconsumption of calories.
D. Allowing the child to choose their portion sizes without guidance can lead to unhealthy eating habits. Parents should provide appropriate portion sizes to support a balanced diet and prevent excessive calorie intake.
A. Whole milk is a good source of calcium and vitamin D but is not a significant source of iron.
B. Orange juice contains vitamin C, which enhances iron absorption, but it is not a direct source of iron.
C. Leafy green vegetables, such as spinach and kale, are rich in iron and can promote iron intake in the toddler's diet.
D. Honey should be avoided in children under one year old due to the risk of botulism.
A. Allowing the toddler to fall asleep with a bottle of milk can lead to baby bottle tooth decay and should be avoided.
B. Brushing the toddler's teeth with a small, soft-bristled toothbrush is a good practice to maintain oral hygiene.
C. Using a pea-sized amount of fluoride toothpaste for the toddler is appropriate to prevent excessive ingestion of fluoride.
D. Teaching the toddler to spit out the toothpaste after brushing helps minimize fluoride intake and is a good practice.
A. Keeping hot beverages within easy reach of the toddler increases the risk of burns. Hot beverages should be kept out of reach.
B. Testing bathwater with the hand before placing the toddler in the tub helps ensure that the water is at a safe temperature.
C. Storing cleaning products in an unlocked cabinet under the sink increases the risk of poisoning and should be avoided. Cleaning products should be stored in locked cabinets.
D. Using tablecloths to prevent hot dishes from spilling onto the toddler is not a sufficient safety measure. Hot dishes should be placed away from the toddler's reach.
A. Allowing unlimited screen time on weekends as a reward for good behavior can lead to excessive screen time, which is not recommended. Screen time should be limited.
B. Encouraging educational programs and limiting screen time to 1-2 hours per day is a recommended practice. Educational programs can be beneficial, but screen time should be moderated.
C. Placing the television in the child's bedroom is not recommended, as it can lead to unsupervised and excessive screen time. The television should be placed in a common area where screen time can be monitored.
D. Allowing the preschooler to choose any television program without restrictions is not advisable. Parents should guide the child's screen time and choose appropriate, educational content.
A nurse is teaching parents about toilet training their toddler. What advice should the nurse provide regarding toilet training readiness?
A. Starting toilet training as early as possible might not be effective if the toddler is not developmentally ready. It is essential to wait for signs of readiness.
B. Waiting until the toddler shows signs of readiness, such as staying dry for longer periods, is a recommended approach for successful toilet training.
C. Implementing a strict toilet training schedule, regardless of the toddler's readiness, can lead to resistance and difficulties in the process.
D. Using punishment for accidents is not recommended and can create negative associations with toilet training. Positive reinforcement and encouragement are more effective approaches.
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